The True Story of Smugglerius

On 12 April 1776, a man named James Langar was hanged at Tyburn by order of the Court of Criminal known as the Old Bailey.

His body was used by Sir William Hunter, first Professor of Anatomy at the Royal Academy of Art Schools in London to make an anatomical model for study of the students.
At the time the bodies of criminals were used for dissections and anatomical studies. William Hunter commissioned to the painter and sculptor Agostino Carlini an actual model from the exact pose of the Dying Gaul also knows as Galata Morente. The roman marble copy, from an original lost hellenistic bronze by the sculptor Epigono of 230 b.C., today is exhibited in the Capitoline Museum in Rome. This is one of the most famous roman sculpture.

Students who for some reason identified the body as that of a smuggler, named the anatomical model as Smugglerius in a original Neo-Latin term.
This identification of the body of a smuggler led to a series of confusions, in fact up to few years ago it was thought that Smagglerius was one of the bodies of two smugglers hanged just few days after James Langar. Only a recent study has led to the right conclusion.

Agostino Carlini did an anatomical model through a plaster mold from the body flayed and perfectly composed in the pose of the famous roman statue. The mold was useful to make a wax model then cast in bronze with lost wax process.

William Pink, Plaster Cast after Agostino Carlini & William Hunter bronze, 1834.
The Royal Art Academy in London.

Chapman & Hall, Plaster Cast, after 1901.

Drawing by William Linnell, 1840.  Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge.

Cast of the Dying Gaul (reduction) available on our Catalog.